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Food systems in conflict and peacebuilding contexts: looking ahead – World


In September 2021, an estimated 161 million people were acutely food insecure. Most of these people live in countries where violent conflict is the main driver of hunger. Conflicts have a direct negative impact on food systems and the resulting levels of food security.

This document is the third and final document in a series that aims to highlight the urgency of addressing the relationship between conflict and food insecurity. This article explores the possibilities of breaking the bridges between food insecurity and violent conflict, which have been defined and contextualized in the two previous articles. Equitable and sustainable food systems have the power to foster peace. The paper argues that for food system transformation and food security activities in conflict and peacebuilding settings to create conditions conducive to peace, it is important to apply a peacebuilding lens to food security interventions and a food security lens to peacebuilding efforts. An approach that integrates humanitarian, development and peacebuilding objectives is needed to break the links between food insecurity and conflict. The document concludes with four recommendations for humanitarian, development and peacebuilding actors who seek to provide guidance on steps that can be taken to advance such an integrated approach.


1. Introduction

2. Knowledge gaps in global responses and policy debates

3. Transforming food systems requires concerted implementation and financing

4. Transforming food systems: focus on local food systems

5. Operationalizing an interdependent approach in support of food security

6. Conclusions and recommendations


Dr Kristina Tschunkert is a researcher in the Food, Peace and Security program at SIPRI.

Dr Caroline Delgado is Senior Researcher and Director of the Food, Peace and Security Program at SIPRI.