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Pakistan: Monsoon Floods – Operation Report No. 1, DREF No. MDRPK023 – Pakistan



Summary of the main revisions made to the emergency action plan:

Another round of continuous heavy rains occurred in most parts of the country during the week of July 18 to August 2, 2022 intermittently, which caused further flooding in Baluchistan province while also affecting the provinces of Punjab and Sindh. New areas were affected including Lasbella, Jhal Magsi and Jafferabad districts in Balochistan, Muzaffargarh, Dera Ghazi (DG) Khan and Rahimyar Khan in Punjab and Dadu and Thatta districts in Sindh. The number of people affected by the floods has increased from 30,477 in July (when the EPoA was issued by the DREF) to 1,087,084 as of August 19, 2022.

This Operation Update is being released to inform stakeholders of the revisions to Operation DREF and the second allocation of CHF 297,943 based on current immediate humanitarian needs and priorities identified through Rapid Needs Assessments government and PRCS which are still ongoing in areas affected by monsoon floods. Below are the following changes/revisions to the original EPoA:

  • Shelters: No change in this sector, the activities remain the same (restocking of 35 tents).

  • Livelihoods and basic needs: In addition to the initial 1,400 households (HH), an additional 1,200 HH will be targeted in newly identified districts for an unconditional cash grant of PKR 16,000 (CHF 73.5) to cover their needs food, bringing the total to 2,600 HH.

  • Health: This sector was not included in the initial allocation of the DREF. The following activities have been added: Provision of primary health care services (including drugs) through deployment of Mobile Health Teams (EMS) in Jhal Magsi and Jafferabad districts for one month; Provision of 7,000 mosquito nets in the new targeted neighborhoods.

  • Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH): Provision of potable water through the deployment of six additional water treatment plants, bringing the total to eight, for two months: three in Balochistan – Jhal Magsi, Jafferabad and Lasbella districts; two in Punjab – Muzaffargarh and Rahimyar Khan districts; and one in Sindh-Dadu district. Inclusion of water and hygiene promotion interventions, distribution of hygiene kits and jerry cans in Jhal Magsi, Jaffarabad, Lasbella, Muzaffargarh, Rahimyar Khan, Dadu and Thatta districts. With the second allocation, the PRCS will also increase the number of WASH items as follows: 2,300 hygiene kits (initially 900), 4,600 jerry cans (initially 1,800).

  • Coverage: With this new second allocation, coverage is extended to support a total of 30,545 people (4,364 households), revised from the original target of 9,800 people (1,400 households) covered by the allocation initial.

  • Timeframe: Given the evolution of the situation and geographical locations, the DREF’s timeframe has been extended to six months.


Description of the disaster

The second wave of heavy monsoon rains started in the country from July 18 and continued until August 2, 2022 with intermissions. Continuous rains over a period of two weeks have caused massive flooding in the already affected province of Baluchistan, where the districts of Jhal Magsi, Jaffarabad and Lasbella have been badly affected by the floods. The heavy rains also hit Punjab province where Muzaffargarh and Rahimyar Khan were hit hard. So far, incidents related to rains and floods have killed 580 people across the country, including 224 children. According to the NDMA situation report of August 11, 2022, 176 people were reported killed in Balochistan, while in Punjab 120 and Sindh 130, along with 154 others in other provinces. It is also reported that Balochistan has recorded more than 600 percent above normal rainfall during this monsoon season since mid-June.

According to the media, citing the Federal Minister for Climate Change, on August 5, 2022, the government declared a monsoon emergency in the country. As the spell of ‘abnormal’ monsoon rains continues to hit the country, the PDMA of Punjab has issued a low to medium flood alert for the Chenab River asking all affected districts of Muzaffargarh and Rahimyar Khan to stay safe. high alert and take precautionary measures to protect populations in adjacent areas.

The impact of the floods is quite high, although assessments are still ongoing, according to NDMA reports, approximately 47,000 homes are damaged across the country, of which more than 9,000 are fully damaged.