By the associated press
The highlight of today’s history:
On August 6, 1945, during World War II, US superfortress B-29 Enola Gay dropped an atomic bomb codenamed “Little Boy” on Hiroshima, Japan, killing approximately 140,000 people. (Three days later, the United States detonated a nuclear device over Nagasaki; five days later, Imperial Japan surrendered.)
To this date :
In 1806, the Holy Roman Empire died out following the abdication of Emperor Francis II.
In 1962 Jamaica, once ruled by Great Britain, became an independent dominion within the Commonwealth of Nations.
In 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act.
In 1973, artist Stevie Wonder was seriously injured in a car crash in North Carolina.
In 1978, Pope Paul VI died in Castel Gandolfo at the age of 80.
In 1986, William J. Schroeder (SHRAY’-dur) died at Humana-Audubon Hospital in Louisville, Kentucky, after living 620 days with the Jarvik 7 artificial heart.
In 1991, the World Wide Web made its public debut as a means of accessing web pages on the Internet. TV reporter Harry Reasoner has died in Norwalk, Connecticut, aged 68.
In 1993, Louis Freeh obtained Senate confirmation to be director of the FBI.
In 2005, anti-war activist Cindy Sheehan, whose soldier son Casey was killed in Iraq, began a multi-week protest outside President George W. Bush’s ranch in Texas.
In 2009, Sonia Sotomayor was confirmed as the first Hispanic Supreme Court judge by a Senate vote of 68-31. John Hughes, 59, a director of children’s films in Hollywood of the 80s and 90s, has died in New York City.
In 2013, U.S. Army Maj.Nidal Malik Hasan was tried in Fort Hood, Texas, charged with killing 13 people and injuring 32 others in an attack in 2009. (Hasan, who admitted to committing attack, was convicted and sentenced to death.)
In 2015, “Hamilton,” the hip-hop-flavored biography of Alexander Hamilton, the nation’s first Treasury Secretary, opened on Broadway. Jon Stewart said a moving farewell after 16 years as host of Comedy Central’s “The Daily Show”.
Ten years ago: Insurgents shot down a US military helicopter during fighting in eastern Afghanistan, killing 30 Americans, most of them from the same elite Navy commando unit that killed Osama bin Laden; seven Afghan commandos also died. Deion Sanders, Marshall Faulk, Shannon Sharpe, Richard Dent, Chris Hanburger, Les Richter and NFL Films founder Ed Sabol have been inducted into the Professional Football Hall of Fame.
Five years ago: The White House released a three-year version of President Barack Obama’s guidelines on the use of lethal force against terrorists abroad, laying out what it said were safeguards for minimize civilian deaths and stray strikes while preserving the ability to take rapid action with drone attacks and other means. At the Rio Olympics, Hungarian Katinka Hosszu set a world record in the women’s 400 IM on the first night of the swimming competition. Brett Favre, Tony Dungy and Marvin Harrison were among a class of eight inductees into the Professional Football Hall of Fame. Dixieland jazz virtuoso clarinetist Pete Fountain has died in New Orleans at the age of 86.
A year ago: Ohio Governor Mike DeWine skipped a scheduled meeting with President Donald Trump after testing positive for coronavirus. (Three subsequent test results were negative.) The government reported that nearly 1.2 million laid-off Americans had applied for state unemployment benefits in the previous week, just as a payment of Critical weekly federal unemployment of $ 600 was expiring. A supervisory board voted to demote Milwaukee Police Chief Alfonso Morales to captain after asking how he handled several incidents, including ordering officers to fire tear gas and pepper spray at protesters demonstrating against the death of George Floyd. (Morales chose to retire rather than accept demotion.) Longtime presidential adviser Brent Scowcroft has died at age 95; he had been the national security adviser to Presidents Gerald Ford and George HW Bush.
Today’s birthdays: Children’s performer Ella Jenkins is 97 years old. Actor-director Peter Bonerz is 83 years old. Actress Louise Sorel is 81 years old. Actor Michael Anderson Jr. is 78 years old. Actor Ray Buktenica is 78 years old. Actor Dorian Harewood is 71 years old. Actress Catherine Hicks is 70 years old.
Rock singer Pat MacDonald (Timbuk 3) is 69 years old. Country musician Mark DuFresne is 68 years old. Actor Stepfanie Kramer is 65 years old. Actor Faith Prince is 64 years old. R&B singer Randy DeBarge is 63 years old. Actor Leland Orser is 61 years old. Actress Michelle Yeoh (yoh) is 59 years old. Country singers Patsy and Peggy Lynn are 57 years old. Basketball Hall of Fame member David Robinson is 56 years old. Actor Jeremy Ratchford is 56 years old. Actor Benito Martinez is 53 years old. Country singer Lisa Stewart is 53 years old. Writer-director M. Night Shyamalan (SHAH’-mah-lahn) is 51 years old. Actor Merrin Dungey is 50 years old. Singer Geri Halliwell Horner is 49 years old. Actor Jason O’Mara is 49 years old. Singer-actor David Campbell is 48 years old. Actor Vera Farmiga is 48 years old. Actor Ever (CQ) Carradine is 47 years old. Sun (soh-LAY ‘) actor Moon Frye is 45 years old. Actress Melissa George is 45 years old. Rock singer Travis McCoy is 40 years old. Actor Leslie Odom Jr. is 40 years old. Actor Romola Garai is 39 years old.